Metal Detecting Report (Mathew Morris MA ACIFA)

A metal-detector survey of the Parish Field, Park Street, Market Bosworth, Leicestershire (SK 40790 03060) – Interim Report

Mathew Morris

As part of the Bosworth Links Big Dig on the weekend of 22-23 July 2017 a metal detector survey was carried out at the Parish Field, Park Street, Market Bosworth, Leicestershire (SK 40790 03060).

The field, a trapezoid area covering c.0.32 hectares, is situated on the eastern side of the town, between Park Street to the north and Rectory Lane to the south. Houses and a bowling green form its western boundary, whilst a memorial garden is to the east. At its maximum north/south extent, along its western edge, it is c.98m, narrowing to c.48m to the east, whilst east/west it is c.45m wide. Today the field is managed grassland. It has never been metal detected before.

Since the 1930s, the Parish Field has been a public field owned by the Parish Council, with whose permission this survey was undertaken. Before this, historic maps dating back to the mid-19th century indicate that it was part of Bosworth Park, at times open parkland and at times tree-covered. However, Toby Mathews’ survey of the manor of Bosworth in 1592 suggests that this area may have originally been occupied by a farmstead belonging to the Parsonage, under the tenancy of a Thomas Whitehead in the late 16th century. A test-pit dug in the north-western corner of the field (TP6), uncovered a possible cobbled surface and wall, alongside evidence of occupation dating to between the 12th and 17th/18th century.

The survey was carried out by metal detectorists David Neave, Edward Robinson, and Carlo Camposano. Post excavation cleaning, identification and analysis was done by Mathew Morris of University of Leicester Archaeological Services (ULAS), who compiled this interim report.

Surface finds (i.e. unburied) were retrieved but not located (Table 1). These included 45 coins, a set of keys and numerous pieces of refuse (i.e. metal from food and drink packaging). The coins were all postdecimalisation (15 February 1971) and ranged in date from 1971 to 2015. They amounted to a value of £15.11.

Table 1: Catalogue of surface finds from the Parish Field metal detector survey

Find no. Object type Description Date
Surface find 1 Household Set of 2 keys on key-ring – 1 mortice key & 1 cylinder key Modern
Surface find 2 Coin 1992 Elizabeth II Decimal Two Pence 20th century
Surface find 3 Coin 1971 Elizabeth II Decimal Two Pence 20th century
Surface find 4 Coin 2000 Elizabeth II Decimal Twenty Pence 21st century
Surface find 5 Coin 1983 Elizabeth II Decimal Penny 20th century
Surface find 6 Coin ???? Elizabeth II Decimal Penny Modern
Surface find 7 Coin 2014 Elizabeth II Decimal Two Pence 21st century
Surface find 8 Coin 2000 Elizabeth II Decimal Twenty Pence 21st century
Surface find 9 Coin 1971 Elizabeth II Decimal Penny 20th century
Surface find 10 Coin 1993 Elizabeth II Decimal One Pound 20th century
Surface find 11 Coin 1992 Elizabeth II Decimal Ten Pence 20th century
Surface find 12 Coin 1997 Elizabeth II Decimal Fifty Pence 20th century
Surface find 13 Coin 2005 Elizabeth II Decimal Two Pence 21st century
Surface find 14 Coin 1975 Elizabeth II Decimal Ten Pence 20th century
Surface find 15 Coin 1993 Elizabeth II Decimal Twenty Pence 20th century
Surface find 16 Coin 2005 Elizabeth II Decimal One Pound 21st century
Surface find 17 Coin 1971 Elizabeth II Decimal Penny 20th century
Surface find 18 Coin 2001 Elizabeth II Decimal Fifty Pence 21st century
Surface find 19 Coin 2000 Elizabeth II Decimal One Pound 21st century
Surface find 20 Coin 1987 Elizabeth II Decimal One Pound 20th century
Surface find 21 Coin 1991 Elizabeth II Decimal Penny 20th century
Surface find 22 Coin 2010 Elizabeth II Decimal One Pound 21st century
Find no. Object type Description Date
Surface find 23 Coin 1988 Elizabeth II Decimal Two Pence 20th century
Surface find 24 Coin 2001 Elizabeth II Decimal Five Pence 21st century
Surface find 25 Coin 1983 Elizabeth II Decimal One Pound 20th century
Surface find 26 Coin 1992 Elizabeth II Decimal Ten Pence (cut in half) 20th century
Surface find 27 Coin 1983 Elizabeth II Decimal Fifty Pence 20th century
Surface find 28 Coin 2015 Elizabeth II Decimal Two Pence 21st century
Surface find 29 Coin 2013 Elizabeth II Decimal Two Pence 21st century
Surface find 30 Coin 2000 Elizabeth II Decimal One Pound 21st century
Surface find 31 Coin 1987 Elizabeth II Decimal Penny 20th century
Surface find 32 Coin 1994 Elizabeth II Decimal Twenty Pence 20th century
Surface find 33 Coin 2015 Elizabeth II Decimal One Pound 21st century
Surface find 34 Coin 1980 Elizabeth II Decimal Penny 20th century
Surface find 35 Coin 1984 Elizabeth II Decimal One Pound 20th century
Surface find 36 Coin 1980 Elizabeth II Decimal Two Pence 20th century
Surface find 37 Coin 1992 Elizabeth II Decimal One Pound 20th century
Surface find 38 Coin 1985 Elizabeth II Decimal One Pound 20th century
Surface find 39 Coin 1983 Elizabeth II Decimal One Pound 20th century
Surface find 40 Coin 1990 Elizabeth II Decimal Two Pence 20th century
Surface find 41 Coin 1999 Elizabeth II Decimal Five Pence 20th century
Surface find 42 Coin 1992 Elizabeth II Decimal Ten Pence 20th century
Surface find 43 Coin 1990 Elizabeth II Decimal Five Pence 20th century
Surface find 44 Coin 2014 Elizabeth II Decimal Five Pence 21st century
Surface find 45 Coin 2000 Elizabeth II Decimal Five Pence 21st century
Surface find 46 Coin 1980 Elizabeth II Decimal Penny 20th century

All below surface finds (i.e. buried in the ground) were recovered, individually bagged with a unique find number (MD ##), given a measurement of their depth below ground level, and a 10-figure grid reference tied to the National Grid with a handheld GPS (with an accuracy of 2-4m) – Table 2.

For analysis, each find was also assigned a spit number, Spit 1 being finds from the top 0.1m of ground (the turf), Spit 2 being finds from 0.1-0.2m below the ground (the topsoil), and so on. So far, no finds have been found below c.0.2m but the survey is yet to be completed.

Finds were plotted on a map of the Parish Field, by spit and find type – Figure 1. The coins were also plotted separately, by period – Figure 2. Photographs of select finds can be viewed in Figure 3-Figure 8. Statistical/stratigraphical analysis of the finds assemblage will be carried out at a later date, once the survey is completed.

 

Mathew Morris MA ACIfA

Project Officer

Archaeological Services (ULAS)

University of Leicester

University Road

Leicester LE1 7RH

Tel: 0116 252 2848

Fax: 0116 252 2614

Email: mlm9@leicester.ac.uk

Current draft 13/01/2018

 

 

Figure 1: Plan showing the distribution of metal detecting finds from the Parish Field, Market Bosworth – by spit and

find type.                                                                 

 

Figure 2: Plan showing the distribution of coins from the Parish Field, Market Bosworth – by period.

 

 

 

Figure 3: MD1 – a brass cartridge case, base stamped ‘KYNOCH GROUSE EJECTOR NO 12 PATENT NO 2090’.

 

Figure 4: Left – MD21 – an undecorated brass cylindrical petrol lighter; Right – MD29 – a Cu alloy ‘shield-shaped’ fitting with moulded openwork plate, probably post-medieval.

 

Figure 5:MD31 – a Sterling silver ring with amethyst.

 

 

 

 

Figure 6: Left – MD35a – a metal toy figure; Right – MD37 – a lead toy plane.

 

Figure 7: MD39a – a 1649-60 Commonwealth Silver Penny, altered with pierced hole. Left: OBV. shield of St George in wreath of palm & laurel; Right: REV. joined shields of St George & Ireland with value mark I above.

 

Figure 8: MD76 – a Cu alloy square token with hole central on one side. The obverse is inscribed with the biblical quote ‘I AM THE LORD, [I] CHANGE NOT. MAL [3:6]’ and the reverse ‘WHO LOVED ME AND GAVE HIMSELF FOR ME. GAL 2:20’.

 

Table 2: Catalogue of below surface finds from the Parish Field metal detector survey

MD Find Spit Object type Description Period Easting Northing Depth             (m

below ground)

1 1 Munitions brass cartridge case, base stamped ‘KYNOCH GROUSE EJECTOR NO 12 PATENT NO 2090’ – Figure 3 late 19th century + 440803 303051 0.05
2 2 Building material Lead disk, 90mm diam, with iron disk fixed to centre, 50mm diam, probably lead sealing around fence post Modern 440794 396401 0.2
3 1 Fe object NOT CATALOGUED (Also – green glass bottle finish with lip & collar) Modern 440808 303049 0.1
4 1 Coin 1928 Penny, OBV. George V, REV. Britannia seated facing right with shield & trident 1920s 440778 303028 0.05
5 1 Fe object NOT CATALOGUED   440780 303027 0.1
6 1 Industrial Cu alloy sheet, 23mm wide, <1mm thick, bent & cut at both ends Modern 440778 303030 0.1
7 1 Coin 1860 Penny, OBV. illeg [Victoria], REV. Britannia seated facing right with shield & trident 1860s 440778 303031 0.06
8 1 Munitions Cu alloy shotgun shell end, 22mm diam, unstamped Modern 440779 303028 0.08
9 1 Refuse Crumpled aluminium foil, possibly bottle cap Modern 440781 303028 0.03
10 1 Coin 1907 Penny, OBV. Edward VII, REV. Britannia seated facing right with shield & trident 1900s 440776 303032 0.1
11 1 Coin 1942 Threepence, OBV. George VI, REV. Three-headed thrift plant 1940s 440782 303030 0.05
12 2 Fe object Rectangular iron bar, 90mm x 50mm x 10mm, rusted Modern 440776 303032 0.15
13 2 Industrial Lead sheet, 45mm wide, 1.5mm thick, bent & torn Modern 440783 303030 0.12
14 1 Coin 1971 Decimal Penny, OBV. Elizabeth II, REV. crowned portcullis with chains 1970s 440776 303036 0.1
15 1 Coin 1979 Decimal Penny, OBV. Elizabeth II, REV. crowned portcullis with chains 1970s 440793 303033 0.01
16 2 Personal adornment Finger ring, ?aluminium with plastic orange ‘gem’, costume jewellery Modern 440778 303040 0.12
17 1 Industrial Lead melting waste Unknown 440799 303035 0.05
18 2 Coin 1971 Decimal Two Pence, OBV. Elizabeth II, REV. plume of ostrich feathers with coronet 1970s 440777 303040 0.15
19 1 Industrial Small piece of ?lead melting waste Unknown 440798 303036 0.02
20 2 Household Base of metal door knob, brass? Modern 440777 303040 0.17

 

MD Find Spit Object type Description Period Easting Northing Depth            (m

below ground)

21 2 Household undecorated brass cylindrical petrol lighter, hole in base, lid missing – Figure 4 (left) Modern 440800 303035 0.15
22 2 Coin 1966 Threepence, OBV. Elizabeth II, REV. crowned portcullis with chains 1960s 440778 303042 0.17
23 1 Refuse x3 Walkers Crisps packets (Cheddar Cheese, Salt & Vinegar, Prawn Cocktail, 25g, 12-05-07), x1 Taunton

Old Somerset cider 500ml can

Modern 440807 303040 0.01
24 2 Industrial Lead melting waste, x2 Unknown 440778 303042 0.2
25a 1 Coin 1947 Two Shillings (Florin), OBV. George VI, REV.

crowned rose with thistle and shamrock

1940s 440807 303040 0.02
25b 1 Household T-shaped decorative metal fitting, blue & red paint Modern 440807 303040 0.02
26 2 Coin 1971 Decimal Penny, OBV. Elizabeth II, REV. crowned portcullis with chains 1970s 440776 303044 0.18
27 2 Coin ?Penny, OBV. illeg, REV. illeg Unknown 440809 303040 0.13
28 2 Coin 1920 Penny, OBV. George V, REV. Britannia seated facing right with shield & trident 1920s 440776 303044 0.15
29 1 Personal adornment ?Cu alloy ‘shield-shaped’ fitting, moulded openwork plate with symmetrical design, broken vertically, 26mm x 10mm – Figure 4 (right) Post-medieval 440812 303040 0.04
30 2 Household Circular speaker dust cap, 22mm diam Modern 440776 303044 0.16
31 1 Personal adornment Sterling silver ring with amethyst – Figure 5 Modern 440812 303040 0.05
32 2 Fe object NOT CATALOGUED Unknown 440777 303045 0.18
33 1 Coin 1938 Penny, OBV. George VI, REV. Britannia seated facing right with shield & trident 1930s 440813 303044 0.02
34 2 Coin 1971 Decimal Penny, OBV. Elizabeth II, REV. crowned portcullis with chains 1970s 440778 303046 0.18
35a 1 Toy Toy figure, standing gentleman in jacket with walking cane over right arm, broken at knees and head – Figure

6 (left).

Modern 440813 303044 0.03
35b 1 Personal adornment White ?stone/plastic cameo with profile of lady facing left, oval, 14mm x 11mm Modern? 440813 303044 0.03
35c 1 Household Modern fitting, end-piece with small adjustable attachment screw Modern 440813 303044 0.03
36 2 Refuse Crumpled aluminium foil, possibly bottle cap Modern 440777 303049 0.12

 

MD Find Spit Object type Description Period Easting Northing Depth            (m

below ground)

37 2 Toy Lead toy plane, broken left wing, bent tail, green fuselage & engines, silver wings – Figure 6 (right). mid 20th century 440817 303041 0.13
38 2 Coin 1951 Halfpenny, OBV. George VI, REV. the Golden Hind facing left 1950s 440777 303049 0.14
39a 2 Coin 1649-60 Commonwealth Silver Penny, altered with pierced hole, OBV. shield of St George in wreath of palm & laurel, REV. joined shields of St George & Ireland with value mark I above – Figure 7 17th century 440812 303049 0.15
39b 2 Munitions Lead, flattened musket ball 17th century? 440812 303049 0.15
40 2 Coin 1971 Decimal Halfpenny, OBV. Elizabeth II, REV. St

Edward’s crown

1970s 440777 303049 0.14
41 1 Fe object Round iron bar, 25mm diam x 55mm, cut at both ends, ?fence post Modern 440791 303084 0.06
42 1 Coin 1971 Decimal Penny, OBV. Elizabeth II, REV. crowned portcullis with chains 1970s 440777 303050 0.1
43 1 Toy Cast lead – possibly feet of a standing figure, broken, possibly part of a metal toy figure Modern 440790 303081 0.09
44a 2 Coin 1948 Two Shillings (Florin), OBV. George VI, REV.

crowned rose with thistle and shamrock

1940s 440776 303050 0.14
44b 2 Coin 1922 Penny, OBV. George V, REV. Britannia seated facing right with shield & trident 1920s 440776 303050 0.14
45 1 Coin 1971 Decimal Halfpenny, OBV. Elizabeth II, REV. St

Edward’s crown (cut in half)

1970s 440788 303079 0.03
46 2 Coin 1964 Halfpenny, OBV. Elizabeth II, REV. the Golden Hind facing left 1960s 440778 303051 0.18
47 1 Coin 1862? Penny, OBV. Victoria, REV. Britannia seated facing right with shield & trident 1860s 440783 303081 0.08
48 1 Building material Red         ceramic floor       tile,         unglazed,                 triangular, 66x66x15mm Modern 440776 303051 0.1
49 2 Fe object NOT CATALOGUED – Also x1 sherd Chilvers Cotton (CC) c.1250-1400 Unknown 440780 303082 0.12
50 2 Coin 1971 Decimal Penny, OBV. Elizabeth II, REV. crowned portcullis with chains 1970s 440777 303057 0.12
51 2 Coin c.1797-1807 Halfpenny, OBV. Illeg, right-facing portrait [George III], REV. Britannia seated facing left with shield, trident in left hand, offering olive branch (small late 18th/early 19th century 440780 303083 0.12

 

MD Find Spit Object type Description Period Easting Northing Depth            (m

below ground)

      bust & Britannia, 31mm diam, 10g) – Also x1 sherd of Earthenware (EA2) c.1600-2000        
52 2 Coin 1947 Sixpence, OBV. George VI, REV. crowned royal cypher ‘GR’ 1940s 440779 303058 0.12
53 2 Fe object Broken agricultural tool? Something like the tip from a rotavator hoe Modern 440780 303090 0.18
54 2 Coin 1964 Penny, OBV. Elizabeth II, REV. Britannia seated facing right with shield & trident 1960s 440779 303060 0.12
55 2 Fe object NOT CATALOGUED – Also x6 sherds Stoneware (SW) c.1680-2000, all from same vessel Unknown 440777 303091 0.13
56 1 Coin 1954 Scottish Shilling, OBV. Elizabeth II, REV. crowned shield with lion rampant 1950s 440779 303062 0.08
57 1 Coin 1861 Penny, OBV. Victoria, REV. Britannia seated facing right with shield & trident 1860s 440780 303091 0.1
58 1 Coin 1937 Threepence, OBV. George VI, REV. Three-headed thrift plant 1930s 440778 303063 0.1
59 1 Trade Lead seal, blank circular disk, 18mm diam with 9mm x

4mm ‘tail’ – Also x1 sherd of Earthenware (EA2) c.16002000

Post-medieval+ 440785 303091 0.08
60 2 Coin 2004 Decimal Fifty Pence, OBV. Elizabeth II, REV.

Britannia seated facing right with shield & trident

2000s 440777 303066 0.12
61 1 Coin NOT CATALOGUED Unknown 440788 303075 0.04
62 1 Coin 1983 Decimal Twenty Pence, OBV. Elizabeth II, REV.

crowned Tudor rose

1980s 440778 303069 0.05
63 2 Coin NOT CATALOGUED Unknown 440789 303091 0.15
64 2 Coin 1797? Cartwheel Penny, OBV. illeg [George III], REV. illeg (36mm diam & 3mm thick, 23g, cartwheel design) 1790s 440804 303071 0.12
65     NOT USED        
66 1 Coin 1901-10 Penny, OBV. Edward VII?, REV. illeg Penny (cut in half) 1900s 440805 303076 0.1
67     NOT USED        
68 1 Coin 1921 Penny, OBV. George V, REV. Britannia seated facing right with shield & trident 1920s 440805 303078 0.08
69     NOT USED        
MD Find Spit Object type Description Period Easting Northing Depth             (m

below ground)

70a 1 Coin 1962 Penny, OBV. Elizabeth II, REV. Britannia seated facing right with shield & trident 1960s 440805 303076 0.1
70b 1 Coin 1962 Penny, OBV. Elizabeth II, REV. Britannia seated facing right with shield & trident 1960s 440805 303076 0.1
71     NOT USED        
72     NOT USED        
73 2 Coin 1862 Penny, OBV. Victoria, REV. Britannia seated facing right with shield & trident 1860s 440803 303078 0.12
74 1 Coin 1890? Penny, OBV. illeg [Victoria], REV. Britannia seated facing right with shield & trident (worn) 1890s 440802 303080 0.08
75     NOT USED        
76 2 Personal adornment Square, cu alloy token with hole central on one side, 24mm sq, border of squares with crosses or ?’fleur-delies’, biblical inscription in central panel on obverse ‘I AM THE LORD, [I] CHANGE NOT. MAL [3:6]’ and reverse

‘WHO LOVED ME AND GAVE HIMSELF FOR ME. GAL

2:20’ – Figure 8

Late Post-medieval+ 440808 303077 0.13
77     NOT USED        
78 1 Coin 1964 Threepence, OBV. Elizabeth II, REV. crowned portcullis with chains 1960s 440809 303074 0.05
80 1 Toy Machine stamped ?token or ?counter with fantasy ‘viking’ design, OBV. crude sword and illegible rune-like ‘lettering’, REV. central pellet cluster surrounded by illegible rune-like ‘lettering’ Modern 440799 303081 0.1
81 1 Coin 1961 Threepence, OBV. Elizabeth II, REV. crowned portcullis with chains 1960s 440786 303063 0.1
82 2 Industrial Roll of lead sheet, 35mm diam x 35mm, 2mm thick Unknown 440785 303062 0.2
83 1 Coin NOT CATALOGUED Unknown 440792 303062 0.05
84 1 Refuse Crumpled aluminium foil, possibly bottle cap Modern 440783 303064 0.1

 

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